Arduino Programming Language: Serial.if

Name

if (serial)

Description

Indicates if the specified Serial port is ready. 
On the Leonardo, if (Serial) indicates wether or not the USB CDC serial connection is open. For all other instances, including if (Serial1) on the Leonardo, this will always returns true. 
This was introduced in Arduino 1.0.1.

Syntax

All boards:

if (Serial)

Only Arduino Leonardo:

if (Serial1)

Only Arduino Mega:

if (Serial1)
if (Serial2)
if (Serial3)

Parameters

none

Returns

boolean Returns true if the specified serial port is available. This will only return false if querying the Leonardo's USB CDC serial connection before it is ready.

Examples

void setup() {
//Initialize serial and wait for port to open:
Serial.begin(9600);
while (!Serial) {
; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for Leonardo only
}
}

void loop() {
//proceed normally
}


Based on the reference originally written by Arduino Community,  wiring.org.co and  arduino.cc